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Comparing Prophetic Models
Written by Dr Andrew Corbett, President of ICI Theological College Australia, and author of the popular commentary on the Book of Revelation- The Most Embarrassing Book In The Bible, November 29th 2006
One American Radio Preacher recently
teaching on the Book of Revelation told a talk-back caller that all
the signs of Christ's return were now in place and that the Rapture
would now be within 12 months (said November 28th 2006)! Let's examine
some of these prophetic ideas...
In the discipline of
physical sciences ideas are put forward as theories with
certain hypotheses ("if this
theory is correct these results should be observed")
and then a "model" is developed based on the theory
which makes certain predictions about its likely outcomes.
example, if Einstein's theory of relativity is correct (E=mc2)
then the mass of an object (m) moving faster than the speed
of light (c) should increase as more energy is used (E).
The predictions that Einstein made based on his theory included
that the speed of light will be found to be constant, and
the mass of a moving object will be relative to its speed.
Both of these prediction models can be tested. In regard
to the mass of an object increasing the faster it moves,
try dropping a baseball on your nose from the distance of
a 1/4 inch (about 1 centimetre), then compare that with a
full blown pitch by New Yankee pitcher Mike Mussina straight
at your nose and see which one hurts the most! The point
is that Einstein put forward a theory, a hypothesis, and
a model that have all been tested and found to be true.
can also develop "models" when it comes to Bible Prophecy
interpretations. Let me explain...
The radio preacher referred to at the top
of this article stated categorically that the 'rapture' of
the church would take place by November 2007. Without perhaps
knowing it, what he has done is express an aspect of his Bible-Prophecy-Interpretation
model. His theory of how Bible Prophecy was to be fulfilled
would propbably look like-
THE DISPENSATIONAL THEORY FOR
INTERPRETTING BIBLE PROPHECY
* Bible Prophecy centres on God's Covenant and plan
* Almost all of the Book of Revelation is yet to
be fulfilled (it is future)
* The Church is God's Plan 'B' for His covenant and
the building a redemption-community. Any suggestion
otherwise is referred to as "Replacement Theology"
* The Millennium is a literal 1,000 years of Christ's
reign on earth from Jerusalem on the throne of King
* There will be two physical resurrections: one at
the beginning of the Millennium, and the second at
the end of it
DISPENSATIONAL MODEL FOR INTERPRETTING BIBLE
Because Israel is the focus
of all Bible prophecy-
(i) Israel will possess its
promised territory as prescribed in the Old Testament,
this includes territory currently occupied by Egypt,
Syria, Lebanon, and the Palestinians.
(ii) The Anti-christ will be a world dictator and form
a covenant with Israel and orchestrate the rebuilding
of the Temple in Jerusalem to re-establish animal sacrifices.
Therefore, Judaism will need to train a new order of
Chief Priests and breed pure red heiffers to carry out
(iii) All Jews from around the world will relocate to
Israel to fulfil the prophecies of Jeremiah and Ezekiel.
Because almost all of the
Book of Revelation is yet to be fulfilled-
and it seems to describe pending wars, disasters,
plagues, famines, unusual weather conditions, the
world can expect this period of "Great Tribulation"
to commence soon.
(ii) This 'Great Tribulation' period will be 7 years
in length divided in half - the first half will be
characterised as a covenant of peace between the
Anti-christ and Israel, and the second half as the
lead up to the Battle of Armageddon which will see
5/7 of all Jews massacred, based on the prophecies
Because the Church is Plan 'B' -
(i) It will be raptured away from the earth so that
God can complete and reinstitute the Old Covenant
Once a model is established it can then be
tested. With such Theological models of Bible Prophecy, this
is done two ways. Firstly, does it align with Scripture. Secondly,
are the predictions made within the model verified by history
(past or present)?
In scrutinising the Dispensational Model of
Bible Prophecy we note that those holding to this view are
more often than not very passionate for Christ and His Word.
They are usually very sincere believers who have a heart to
see God's purpose for mankind carried out. Their most prominent
voices include- John F. Walvoord, Chuck Swindoll, Tim LaHaye,
John Haggee and John Nelson Darby.
ISRAEL CENTRAL TO GOD'S PROPHETIC PLAN?
Then he said
to them, “These
are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you,
that everything written about me in the Law of Moses and
the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.”
Luke 24:44 ESV
Jesus seems to have told His disciples that
the entire Old Testament was about Him! Curiously, no where in
the New Testament does it say that Israel is going to "return
to it's land" or rebuild the temple. Secondly, the historic
evidence is that Israel now has a net decline in its annual
population figures. That is, more Jews are leaving Israel than
migrating to it.
THE BOOK OF REVELATION IS YET TO BE FULFILLED?
Dispensationalism claims that the Book of
Revelation was written about events which are about to be fulfilled.
But the Book of Revelation makes emphatic claims that its contents
pertained to its original audience. The opening verses of Revelation
could not be clearer-
of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants
the things that must soon take
place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant
John...Blessed is the one who reads aloud the words of
this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear, and who
keep what is written in it, for
the time is near.
Revelation 1:1, 3 ESV
It flies in the face of logic to claim that
although it plainly states that its contents are immediately
about to happen, it actually meant that they were thousands
of years off! That is an absurd interpretation.
The Book of Revelation gives several straight-forward
indications that it was written to an audience prior to 70AD
and that its implications were for that time. Firstly, the
Four Horsemen of Revelation 6 indicate that the 4th Horseman
brings famine and the opening of the next seal brings mass
martyrdom to the Church. Historically we know that it was the
fourth Emperor of the day (Caesar Claudius) whose reign coincided
And one of them named Agabus stood
up and foretold by the Spirit that there would be a great famine over all the world (this took place in the days of Claudius).
Acts 11:28 ESV
And the 5th Emperor, Caesar Nero, was the
one who instigated the most massive destructive campaign of
martyrdom ever witnessed.
In Revelation 17:10 it says that there are
5 kings who have fallen (died) and one now is. These kings
of Rome included: (1) Julius, (2) Augustus, (3) Tiberius, (4)
Caligula, and (5) Claudius. The 6th king of Rome was Nero,
who was reigning when
Revelation was written.
In my eBook, The Most
Embarrassing Book In The Bible (Understanding The Book of Revelation), I present
the case for most of the Book of Revelation being fulfilled.
Therefore, there is a strong case to be made from both the
witness of Scripture and history that the Dispensationalist's
claim that Revelation is mostly about the future is without
THE CHURCH IS PLAN 'B'
A fleeting reading of the New Testament reveals
that God had predistined the Church from the foundation of
the world. Ephesians makes it clear that the Church is and
always has been God's plan for His redemptive community. Galatians
3:28-29 states emphatically that those who are in Christ are
the seed of Abraham. The Church is therefore not the replacement
of Israel, but the logical continuation of it.
In another article I have put forward my
Bible Prophecy Model which can be similarly tested with Scripture and history.
I have written a fuller explanation of the book of Revelation in my eBook- THE MOST EMBARRASSING BOOK IN THE BIBLE (click here to read a preview). The application from the Book of Revelation is that despite what appears to be an impotent Church struggling to serve an apparently impotent Christ, the Church is in reality made up of overcomers who lay down their lives gladly to promote Christ and His Gospel. In so doing, the Kingdom of Christ is extended, prayers are offered and heard, miracles are graced, and the believer can die with infinite hope that their Lord will keep them for eternity and clothe them with a new body which can not be subject to pain, injury, sorrow, or sin. With this knowledge we can endure momentary hardship during the brevity of this life on earth. We can be assured that our greatest delights and deepest moments of fulfilment are yet to come in the life to come.
John 5:25 ¶ “Truly, truly, I say to you, an hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live.