home  > articles  >  Is Israel God’s Unfinished Business?

It’s become a multi-billion dollar industry. There’s a lot at stake! God help anyone who dares challenge this belief. It is a belief that is promoted by powerful Washington lobbyists, very prominent journalists, and the most popular TV preachers. Anyone who even questions this program is labelled as an Anti-Semitist or worst still – a heretic. It comes in various forms (or extremes) but nearly all of its proponents deride their opponents as promoting Replacement Theology. But what if those who promote the preeminence of Israel and the validity of the Old Covenant being ‘their’ current covenant for today are actually the true promoters of ‘Replacement Theology’? Is Israel really God’s unfinished business? 

“Replacement theologians teach that God is finished with Israel. In their view, Israel has been rejected and replaced by the church to carry out the work once entrusted to Israel”
John Hagee, “In Defense of Israel” page 145

And how do Dispensationalists respond to those like me – who disagree with them? They make shrill accusations like-

“Replacement theologians are now carrying Hitler’s anointing and his message.”
John Hagee, “Should Christians Support Israel?” page 132

No Mr Hagee, my message is not the message of Hitler. I love the Jewish people but I also simultaneously love Palestinians. My message is not one of hatred toward anybody. Rather, my message is the message that the Church has declared for two millennia: God loves all people irregardless of the race, address, religion or skin colour and this love has been demonstrated by the exclusive work of Christ who is the true Israel of God, the real Promised Land, the Holy Temple of God, the Ultimate Fulfilment of the Promises of God and the Antitype of all animal sacrifices.



These Dispensationalists promote the idea that God’s Covenant with Abraham gives Jews exclusive rights to the “Promised Land” today-

The biblical mandates for supporting Israel began with Genesis 12:3. I will bless those who bless you and I will curse those who curse you. Secondly, David said in Psalms 122:6, “Pray for the peace of Jerusalem. They shall prosper that love you.” Because of the fact that in history, if Jerusalem is at war, the world is at war. If there’s peace in Jerusalem there’s peace in the world. When Israel became a state, in 1948 I remember well sitting at the table in our home and we heard that announcement come over the radio. And my father said, “This is the most important biblical day in the 20th Century. For all the prophets of the Old Testament have now been vindicated and Israel has been born.”

The way some Christians present the Bible you would be forgiven for thinking that it talks of little more than Israel and their right to the territory promised to Abraham. In this scheme, Jesus came so that He could return. And when He returns He will sit upon the Throne of David and reign from Jerusalem over the whole earth for a thousand years. John Hagee goes so far as to say that the Jews of Jesus’ day can not be held accountable for their rejection of Him because He never claimed to be their Messiah! (John Hagee, PBS Documentary).

In fact, according to the way these Dispensationalists, such as Hagee, read the Bible, God has two ways to be saved. According to an interview with John Hagee by Julia Duin of the Houston Chronicle in 1988 (30th April), we learn the following –

Trying to convert Jews is a “waste of time,” he [Hagee] said… 

“The Jewish people have a relationship to God through the law of God as given through Moses,” Hagee said. “I believe that every Gentile person can only come to God through the cross of Christ. I believe that every Jewish person who lives in the light of the Torah, which is the word of God, has a relationship with God and will come to redemption.

“The law of Moses is sufficient enough to bring a person into the knowledge of God until God gives him a greater revelation. And God has not,” said Hagee.


The way Hagee and other Dispensationalists see it, because the Jews were never able to accept Jesus as Messiah, God did not do away with His Covenant with them and they can therefore be saved by virtue of either racial covenant or faith in Christ! Not only is this, but such Dispensational extremists as Hagee and even Dispensational moderates like Greg Koukl, claim that God has not yet fulfilled His covenant promises of territory to Israel. While Hagee is readily dismissed for his appalling handling of the Biblical text, respected Bible teachers such as Greg Koukl are not as quickly dismissed.

But the Palestinians have never owned the land. I want you to hear this very clearly. The land of Israel was given to Abraham, Issac and Jacob and their seed in an eternal covenant. It is recorded in the book of Genesis. The boundaries are there in the Bible. And that land belongs to the Jewish people today, tomorrow and forever because it is their covenant by the word of God.
John Hagee, September 18, 2005

Yet the Scriptures contradict Hagee – 

Not one word of all the good promises that the LORD had made to the house of Israel had failed; all came to pass.
Joshua 21:45 



The case for Israel being God’s unfinished business today is largely built upon Jeremiah 31 where the prophet declares that Israel shall never cease to be a nation before Him.

Thus says the LORD,
who gives the sun for light by day
and the fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night,
who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar—
“If this fixed order departs
from before me, declares the LORD,
then shall the offspring of Israel cease
from being a nation before me forever.”
Jeremiah 31:35-36

Andrew Corbett with Greg KouklGreg Koukl often defaults to this passage for his justification of his Dispensational view of Israel. He attempts to link this prophetic assurance with the Abrahamic Covenant. Accordingly, God’s covenant with Abraham to Israel centres on the territorial claim over the Promised Land, and is not only still valid- but prophesiedhere by Jeremiah! While Koukl admits that there is only one salvation covenant available today (something that Hyper-Dispensationalists like John Hagee, Rod Parsley, Cindy Jacobs, and Pat Robertson, don’t seem to declare to their Jewish audiences) he asserts though that Jews today still enjoy the Abrahamic Covenant (having exclusive land-rights to “the Promised Land”). He then goes on to say that because Jeremiah declared that Israel would always be a nation before the Lord, this national identity will continue necessarily after the return of Christ. This then becomes the basis for Koukl’s Dispensational ideas.

But is Jeremiah prophesying that God’s covenant with Abraham will be a perpetual covenant for all time with Israel? Koukl suggests that the Abrahamic Covenant was both spiritual (accessed by faith) and physical (accessed by Jews only). The context of Jeremiah 31 includes a time-frame for Judah’s exile into Babylon (70 years, Jeremiah 25:11-12; 29:10) and that God promised to sustain Israel as a nation while in exile, then ensure that they would be returned to the Land (Jer. 31:10 “Hear the word of the LORD, O nations, and declare it in the coastlands far away; say, ‘He who scattered Israel will gather him, and will keep him as a shepherd keeps his flock.’) The Prophet then declares that God will establish a new covenant with the Houses of Israel and Judah that will be written upon their hearts-

¶ “Behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant that they broke, though I was their husband, declares the LORD. But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the LORD: I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts. And I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Jeremiah 31:31-33

While Greg Koukl seems to argue that this is an additional covenant to the Abrahamic Covenant and that it is spiritual (therefore it applies beyond Jews), the New Testament doesn’t seem to support this interpretation. The writer to the Hebrews cites Jeremiah with some helpful insights. He prefaces his citation of this passage by stating that a new covenant made previous covenants obsolete. Greg Koukl’s arguments are that while we have a New Covenant which has replaced the Old Covenant there is no reason to think this New Covenant also replaces the previous Abrahamic Covenant. The problem with this idea though, is the Abrahamic Covenant was the covenant that made Israel God’s chosen people (“You shall be My people”), while the Mosaic Covenant gave Israel God’s Laws, and both Jeremiah and the writer to the Hebrews incorporates both covenantal aspects into the New Covenant-

For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion to look for a second.
¶ For he finds fault with them when he says:
“Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord,
when I will establish a new covenant with the house of Israel
and with the house of Judah,
not like the covenant that I made with their fathers
on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt.
For they did not continue in my covenant,
and so I showed no concern for them, declares the Lord.
For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel
after those days, declares the Lord:
I will put my laws into their minds,
and write them on their hearts,
and I will be their God,
and they shall be my people.
Hebrews 8:7-10

The writer to the Hebrews makes the point the New Covenant is the fulfilment of what Jeremiah prophesied and that this Covenant is not based on race but on faith in Christ made possible by the grace and election of God. This therefore means that Gentiles are included in the scope of what Jeremiah prophesied in Jeremiah 31. But does this mean that Gentiles are also beneficiaries of the Abrahamic Covenant or this just for Jews only? Paul argues in Galatians that Gentiles in Christ are indeed the recipients of the Covenantal promises made to Abraham-

so that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we might receive the promised Spirit through faith.
Galatians 3:14 

Greg Koukl’s argument that the Jeremiah 31 passage links the fixed natural order of the sun, moon and stars to the existence of Israel fails to appreciate the consistent usage of the expression “sun, moon, and stars” throughout Scripture which speaks metaphorically of Israel (first used in Joseph’s dream in Genesis 37, and consequently by the prophets who described Israel’s rebellion toward God as the sun no longer giving forth its light, the moon being darkened and the stars falling from the skies). Similarly, God’s use of the term “fixed order” is a covenantal expression-

Thus says the LORD: If I have not established my covenant with day and night and the fixed order of heaven and earth,
Jeremiah 33:25

Therefore, it is quite legitimate to understand Jeremiah 31:35-36 as saying that as long as God only the Old Covenant in place, Israel would continue to be a nation before Him. Historically of course it can be proven that when the elements of this Old Covenant (the Temple, Priesthood, Sacrifices) were removed in 70AD when the Romans destroyed Jerusalem that Israel actually did cease to be a nation! If we accept Greg Koukl’s understanding of Jeremiah 31:35-36 then we are left to conclude that God was unfaithful to His Word for nearly 19 centuries since Israel was not a nation for that period(?).

Therefore, there is nothing in the Jeremiah 31 passage that prophesied that Israel would always possess the Promised Land or that the Promised Land would be their land-right in the New Covenant. (To get an even more comprehensive understanding of these issues, in a Bible study commentary format, in the Epistle to the Hebrews, download my free eBook on Hebrews.)



Dispensationalism is a particular way of reading Bible prophecy which divides the Bible into two stories. There’s a story about God’s earthly people, Israel. And then a story about God’s heavenly people, the Church. And the basic premise of dispensationalism is that all Bible prophecies concerning earthly events applies to the Jews. And all of those events will be fulfilled literally in the End Times. So, Israel must be returned to the land. They must stay in the land. Without Israel in the land, there can be none of the other events prophesied in the Bible. There can be no rise of Anti-Christ. There can be no rebuilding of the Temple. There can be no Battle of Armageddon. And there can be no second coming of Jesus Christ. So everything is riding on the Jews, getting them there and keeping them there in the Holy Land.
Dr Timothy Weber, PBS, Bill Moyers Journal

According to Dispensationalists it is absolutely imperative that Jews are firmly established in the Biblical Promise Land in order for God’s program to be on track (see Dr Weber’s explanation above).

Biblical borders of Israel
The Biblical Borders of the Promised Land
Israel's 1949 borders
Israel’s 1949 Borders 

The Bible describes the boundaries of the Promised Land as being from the Nile to the Euphrates Rivers.

On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, “To your offspring I give* this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates,
Genesis 15:18

Zion's Christian Soldiers?In his excellent and highly recommended book, “Zion’s Christian Soldiers?”, by Stephen Sizer, he makes the statement-

“If these boundaries were applied today, and depending on the route of the southern border from Eilat to the Euphrates, parts of Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Palestine, Iraq, and even Kuwait and parts of Saudi Arabia would be incorporated . Some Zionist groups lay claim to all this territory using the term ‘Eretz Israel HaShlema’ to denote the whole or complete land Israel”
Stephen Sizer“Zion’s Christian Soldiers?”, page 78

There is nothing in the New Testament that requires God to restore the nation of Israel to Biblical dimensions. The Epistle to the Ephesians makes a clear case for God having one covenant and one people. I have written an eBook on Ephesians which explains this further. The prophecies of Matthew 24 have been fulfilled. I explain the reasons for this in my eBook, “The Most Embarrassing Verse In The Bible“. It is an eisegetical imposition on the text to claim that Matthew 24 deals with the return of Christ and not (as it should be understood) with the coming (note the use this expression in Isaiah 19:1; 26:21; Psalm 96:13; 98:9) of Christ in vindication to end of the Old Covenant’s elements (the Temple, the Priesthood and the Sacrifices). Dispensationalists, including Greg Koukl, claim that Matthew 24 foretells the glorious return of Christ in a yet-to-happen future. This then necessitates a rebuilt Temple and a reinstituted Israel to their Promised Land in order for Matthew 24 to be fulfilled in the future, according to Dispensationalists. But Matthew 24 is not about the end of the world (Matthew 24:3, ‘world’= Greek, aion, English= “age” or “era”), rather it is about the Temple/Sacrifice Age. Jesus said in Matthew 24:34 that this would take place within the life-time of His audience, not 2000 years later!

I have written a fuller explanation of God’s intention for Israel in an appendix within my eBook- THE MOST EMBARRASSING BOOK IN THE BIBLE).

Partly because of the false interpretation of Bible prophecy countless people, both Jews and Palestinians have needlessly died. Zionism, both Jewish and Christian, is a distortion of the intention of Scripture, the heart of God, and true focus of Bible prophecy. Is Israel God’s unfinished business? No. God’s unfinished business is His glory.


 Dr. Andrew Corbett, Legana, Tasmania, February 27th 2008

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